So to summarize, flat feet can be an extremely painful and debilitating condition that severely limit a person’s lifestyle. You can be born with flat feet or it may develop as you get older. Flat feet are very easy to diagnose and there are some very simple yet effective treatments. Again, even if flat feet don’t cause pain, they should still be treated in order to prevent problems from occurring in the future. You may require surgery to lengthen your Achilles tendon if you are unable to achieve proper flexibility in your Achilles tendon and calf muscles. You should exhaust all conservative care methods before undergoing Achilles tendon-lengthening surgery. I landed on your site and was wondering if you could possibly help. I have arthritis in my feet, along with being flat footed and bunions and bunionettes on both feet. I have tried custom made orthotics to no avail, they make matters worse. Are there any comfortable shoes out there that would fit my condition? I used to be an avid walker, but I cannot do so anymore. I do need a wide toe to accommodate my bunions. Please help. Thank you. The perfect shoes will provide the essential support, stability and comfort that will alleviate the pain and other negative symptoms associated with flat feet. Diabetic Feet - If you or someone in your family has diabetes then make sure that they monitor their blood glucose levels closely. It has been shown that uncontrolled blood glucose levels can lead to peripheral neuropathy, numbness or nerve pain in the feet and legs, and ulcerations of the feet. Smoking and Feet - Smoking can lead to many terrible side effects but one that many people don't know about is peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Smoking decreases the circulation of blood to your feet leading to loss of hair on the extremities and can also result in loss of sensation. Another chronic problem with archsupports is heel slip. Most arch supports come up behind theheel. The foot sits in the cup of the arch support heel. The wallof the arch support, holds the heel slightly forward andtherefore creates a small air space the thickness of the archsupport between the foot and the heel of the shoe. This air spacecauses some slippage in the heel. Another related problems isthat all shoes have a locking point in the heel of the shoe forthe heel bone to fit in and lock. When the thickness of the archsupport raises the foot, it moves out of this built in shoelocking mechanism. People with flexible feet who develop fallen arches may benefit from foot strengthening exercises, notes the Nicholas Institute of Sports Medicine and Athletic Trauma. Standing on a towel in bare feet and grasping the material with the toes is an easy foot-strengthening exercise that can be done at home. Standing on one leg while arching and releasing the foot may also prove useful. Doctors may prescribe gentle stretching exercises for the foot and ankle tendons. You Might Also Like Anti-Inflammatory Medication Wearing a specially designed brace may help patients that have painful tendonitis. The brace stops the foot and ankle from moving and allows the inflammation to calm down. Most people with flat feet have flexible feet that can move to accommodate the arch in a shoe, for example. However, some people have rigid feet that can make the condition more bothersome and painful. In these cases, a doctor can perform a surgical procedure to reconstruct an arch in the foot. Several types of procedures are available, including surgery to repair tendons in the area of the arch, but these treatments are usually reserved for patients who do not respond to other, less invasive therapies. Dec 19, 2010 By Nick Ng Photo Caption Stretching can sometimes make your heel cord and hamstrings tighter. Photo Credit George Doyle/Stockbyte/Getty Images Hip replacement surgery is designed to reconstruct a damaged hip joint with prosthetic implant materials that restore normal hip joint function and anatomy. The results of hip replacement surgery are very predictable (and usually excellent), and the operation and the prosthetic implant materials used have improved considerably since the operation became routine in the early 1960s. What follows is a brief guide outlining the degrees and types of hip joint dysfunction that normally warrant surgical hip replacement. Bone lesions are abnormalities in bone tissue that may disrupt normal body processes or create structural deficiencies. These sorts of abnormalities have a broad range of potential underlying causes.